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Abstract Detail

Systematics Section

Carskaddon, Jill R. [1], Spangler, Sara B. [1], Richards, Tamara C. [1], Fisher, Amanda [1], Denton, Amy L. [2], Kelchner, Scot A. [1].

Three introns corroborate a first estimate of bamboo chloroplast phylogeny.

Bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) include between 1,200 and 1,400 species, and are found in tropical to temperate areas worldwide. The evolutionary history of bamboos has been difficult to infer with comparative sequence analysis: problems include rapid radiation events, relatively slow rates of sequence evolution, limited variation in trialed nuclear loci, and lack of convincing resolution at key nodes in gene topologies. Although some researchers advocate a phylogenomic approach for problematic taxa like bamboos, a reasonable (and inexpensive) alternative might be to target loci that are strong phylogenetic performers. Three such introns were recently identified by the authors using multilocus comparisons with a corroborated chloroplast topology of 14 bamboo species. In the present study, we resample the taxon set of the Bamboo Phylogeny Group (BPG) and estimate a chloroplast phylogeny using sequence data from the atpF, trnG, and petB introns. Although our combined data set is only one third the size of the BPG alignment, it recovers all but two of the supported branches in the BPG estimation. Our analysis provides the first independent corroboration of the BPG chloroplast phylogeny for bamboos, and suggests that these three introns could be more widely used for phylogenetic inference in the grasses.

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1 - Idaho State University, Department of Biological Sciences, 921 South 8th Avenue, Stop 8007, Pocatello, ID, 83209-8007, USA
2 - California State University Channel Islands, Department of Biology, One University Drive, Camarillo, CA, 93012, USA

chloroplast marker
phylogeny estimation.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Sections
Session: P
Location: Khorassan Ballroom/Chase Park Plaza
Date: Monday, July 11th, 2011
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PSY056
Abstract ID:240

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